Books and Their Creators from the Medieval Kingdom of Hungary at the University of Prague

Title: Books and Their Creators from the Medieval Kingdom of Hungary at the University of Prague

(Knihy a ich autori zo stredovekého Uhorského kráľovstva na univerzite v Prahe)


DOI: 10.17846/SHN.2017.21.1.17-31

Source: Studia Historica Nitriensia, 2017, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 17-31

Abstract: In the focus of the interests of the Hungarian students at the University of Prague were not the philosophical texts, in spite of the fact that most of them studied at the Faculty of Arts. From the examined texts we could draw the conclusion that the Hungarian students had strong theological interests, since more than the half of the remained and known manuscripts/copies belonged to this discipline. Presumably – despite of the lack of sources – there were Hungarian theology students in the Czech capital. Another observation is that through these texts the Hussite theories couldn’t find its way to Hungary. Only one fragments might have connected to the Hussitism, the so-called “Hussite Bible”, but this is one of the most problematic writing from the point of view of its birthplace and time, and mostly of its translators. The theological manuscripts usually were copied in order to help the priests to guide the believers in their everyday life and to help them in other church matters. The legal texts of Lawrence Zámbó also points to this way of use. It is worth to note at the same time, that the Prague-related writings, like the legal texts of Provost Lawrence and the Processus iudiciarius played important role at the ecclesiastical judicial seats in the archdiocese of Esztergom. Possibly, Provost John of Veszprém (1367-1382) also learned law at Prague in the 1360s, but this is only an assumption. The two most important codices related to Nicholas Feystrip and to the “Reverend Buda”. The analysis of Feystrip’s codex revealed the cultural roots (at least from one direction) of the library of the Fraternity of 24 Spiš’ parish priests. While the manuscript of Reverend Buda could be linked to the founder of the Collegium Christi, or this manuscript belongs to a Hungarian student who is not know yet.

Keywords: Books; Middle ages; Kingdom of Hungary;

Language: ENGLISH

Publication order reference: Eötvös Loránd University, Institute of History, Department of Medieval and Early Modern History of Hungary, Kossuth Lajos square 1-3, 1055 Budapest, Hungary,