(Heraldry in the Setting of Medieval Hungarian Archbishops and Bishops)
Abstract: Heraldry represents the most elaborate identification system established in the Middle Ages. Initially, in the first half of the 12th century, coats of arms spread among knights and nobles. Over time, they became adopted by corporations such as town communities, guilds as well as burghers themselves. The oldest known coats of arms belonging to Hungarian ecclesiastical dignitaries are from a later time – the first half of the 14th century. The coats of arms belonging to the oldest phase of Hungarian ecclesiastical heraldry were known only from their depictions on seals. In the 15th century, the diversity of sources widened. Coats of arms represented an important part of owners’ visual presentation. In the circles of the highest ecclesiastical hierarchy, they were also a symbol of prestige and position in the Church structure. The presented study deals with the conditions of coat-of-arms usage among Hungarian prelates. It focuses on the inner structure (content) of these coats of arms as well as their formal appearance.
Author: GLEJTEK Miroslav
Publication order reference: Univerzita Konštantína Filozofa v Nitre, Filozofická fakulta, Katedra histórie, Hodžova 1, 949 01 Nitra, Slovak Republic, mail: email@example.com
Source: Studia Historica Nitriensia, year: 2020, vol.: 24, number: 1, pages: 18-35
Key words: Middle Ages; Kingdom of Hungary; Church Heraldry; Coat of Arms; Archbishop; Bishop; Representation;