(Economic and Socio-economic Situation in Nitra and in the Nitra District in the Period of Autonomy of Slovakia)
Abstract: The paper deals with regional history. It researches the economy in Nitra and the Nitra district during the autonomy of Slovakia (1938 – 1939), focusing on the socioeconomic situation of the city and its population. It analyzes the form of political decisions, newly adopted regulations, laws and measures at the national level and their impact on the selected region. It focuses on the areas of infrastructure, pricing, organizing financial collections for the defense of the state. It examines the direct and indirect impact of mobilization on the economic situation in the city, effect of selected events (such as the Second Vienna Award, the declaration of Slovakia’s autonomy and others) on local companies, firma and their production. He also notices the growing manifestations of anti-Semitic, anti-Czech but also anti-Hungarian behavior, supported by contemporary propaganda. The article also describes specific cases of policy interventions in the lives of selected citizens through numerous restrictions and sanctions. The study is the first probe into the economic history of a selected area with a time span of October 1938 – March 1939. The research is primarily based on archival sources, period print and scientific literature.
Authors: PALÁRIK Miroslav – HASAROVÁ Zuzana
Publication order reference:
Palárik Miroslav – Univerzita Konštantína Filozofa v Nitre, Katedra histórie, Hodžova 1, 949 01 Nitra, Slovak Republic, mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Hasarová Zuzana – Univerzita Konštantína Filozofa v Nitre, Katedra histórie, Hodžova 1, 949 01 Nitra, Slovak Republic, mail: email@example.com
Source: Studia Historica Nitriensia, year: 2020, vol.: 24, number: 2, pages: 456-504
Key words: NITRA; AUTONOMY; ECONOMY; 20TH CENTURY; REGIONAL HISTORY;