(Protection Against Falsification of Charters Issued by Places of Authentication in the Hungarian Medieval Legislation)
Author: GLEJTEK, Miroslav
Source: Studia Historica Nitriensia, year: 2018, vol.: 22, number: 1, pages: 57-78
Abstract: Major cases of violation of law in the Middle Ages included falsification of documents of a legal nature (charters). The falsification of documents could cause considerable damages to a property of individuals and groups of people. Due to this reason, a considerable attention was paid to falsification of documents and protection against the falsification in the medieval legislation. Important publishers of documents in the Medieval Hungarian society were the so called places of authentication (loca credibilia). The presented article focuses on the chapters and conventions that provided such function in the Middle Ages. The importance of these institutions in the protection against unauthorized publishing of charters is also evidenced in several legal standards. The article provides an analysis of the legal standards, in particular the royal decrees (laws), the customary law and particular statutes of chapters of canons.
Keywords: Kingdom of Hungary; Middle Ages; Legislation; Law; Falsification; Charter; Places of Authentication;
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