(Precursor of the Celtic Calendar: calendar pectoral from Slovakia)
Author: Venceslas KRUTA
Publication order reference: Venceslas Kruta, Professeur émérite de Protohistoire de l’Europe, École pratique des Hautes études, Sorbonne, Paris, 14, Orée de Marly, 78590 Noisy-le-Roi, France, mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Source: Studia Historica Nitriensia, year: 2019, vol.: 23, number: Supplementum, pages: 143-150
Abstract: The bronze pectoral from Slovakia from the end of the 2nd millenium BC is a unique interface between the neolithic engraving of a lunar calendar from the Irish site of Knowth from the 4th millenium BC and the Gaulish calendar from the 2nd century AD from Coligny. It schematically depicts the mechanism of synchronization of the lunar and solar calendars. Other pectorals of this category, mainly from the 6th – 5th century BC but also from the end of the Bronze Age, illustrate only the course of one year. They are known from Celtic territories as well as areas which are outside their settlement in the time of their origin. Their basic feature is often a spiral – a schematic illustration of the notional course of the sun above and below the horizon from the winter solstice towards the summer solstice.
Keywords: SLOVAKIA; CALENDAR PECTORAL; GALIC CALENDAR FROM COLIGNY; LUNISOLAR YEAR; YEAR REPRESENTATION;