(Bronzová prilba z neskorej doby železnej z Apahidy (Transylvánia))
Authors: Aurel RUSTOIU – Sándor BERECKI
Publication order reference:
Aurel Rustoiu, Institutul de Arheologie şi Istoria Artei, Str. M. Kogălniceanu 12-14, 400084 Cluj-Napoca, Romania, mail: firstname.lastname@example.org;
Sándor Berecki, Muzeul Judeţean Mureş, CP 85, Str. Mărăşti 8A, 540328 Târgu Mureş, Romania, mail: email@example.com
Source: Studia Historica Nitriensia, year: 2019, vol.: 23, number: Supplementum, pages: 151-168
Abstrakt: At the turn of the 20th century, when scientific archaeology was only beginning in Transylvania, antiquarians and amateur archaeologists still played an important role in recovering ancient remains and the related information which were later useful for professional archaeological research. Many had an academic education, especially in humanities or natural sciences. The archaeological collections which were born out of their passion for the past enriched later the collections of various museums. This is the case of the private collection assembled by Endre Orosz, a teacher from Apahida, a locality which is now known for the funerary discoveries belonging to different periods, among other things. Still, this collection had a rather complicated history; only very recently his descendants donated the last remains to the Târgu Mureş Museum. The careful initial registration of this collection contributed to the identification of some artefacts which are already known from specialist literature, and also to the “rediscovery” of some previously unknown items. Among the latter are some fragments of a La Tѐne bronze helmet coming from the Apahida cemetery, still unpublished. These fragments provide an opportunity to resume the debate regarding the typology and chronology of similar pieces from the Carpathian Basin, leading to a series of observations regarding the Early and Middle LT elites of the rural communities from the region in question. Both the problems regarding the La Tѐne chronology in the Carpathian Basin and the analysis of a wide range of artefacts associated with different social groups from this region were thoroughly pursued by Jozef Bujna during the last decades. Accordingly, the topic of this article represents a well-deserved homage for his fruitful scientific activity.
Keywords: HELMET; LATE IRON AGE; CARPATHIAN BASIN; BALKANS; CELTS;Language: ENGLISH