ŠMÍD, Marek

Title: Svatý stolec v době světových válek 20. století. Pokus o komparaci postoje Benedikta XV. a Pia XII.

(The Holy See during the World Wars of the 20th Century. An Attempt to Compare the Positions of Benedict XV and Pius XII.) – pdf

Abstract: The study deals with the comparison of the attitudes of the two highest representatives of the Catholic Church, Popes Benedict XV and Pius XII, at the beginning of the World Wars I and II. It reflects their relationship with the great powers and their representatives, diplomatic, political, peace and charitable activities, changes in the Roman Curia and the personalities of the pontiffs in the contemporary political-religious context of that time. The text represents a controversy with the public opinion that the Holy See remained passive during the world conflicts of the 20th century at the same time showing that the attitudes of the two pontiffs were largely similar. The study is based mainly on published sources and numerous literature, especially of English and Italian provenance.

Author: ŠMÍD, Marek

DOI: 10.17846/SHN.2023.27.1.257-268

Publication order reference:

Historický ústav, Filozofická fakulta, Jihočeská univerzita v Českých Budějovicích, Branišovská 31a, 370 05 České Budějovice; Katedra církevních dějin a literární historie, Katolická teologická fakulta, Karlova Univerzita, Thákurova 3, 160 00 Praha 6, Czech Republic, mail: smidma@seznam.cz

Source: Studia Historica Nitriensia, year: 2023, vol.: 27, number: 1, pages: 257-268

Keywords: conflicts of 20th century; Vatican; popes; Catholic Church; Benedict XV; Pius XII.;

Language: Czech