Charakteristika “barbarských” statů (příspěvek k metodologii dějin)

Title: Charakteristika “barbarských” statů (příspěvek k metodologii dějin)

(Characteristics of „Barbarian“ Germanic States (Contribution to the methodology of history))

Author: Bednaříková Jarmila

DOI: 10.17846/SHN.2016.20.1.3-16

Source: Studia Historica Nitriensia, 2016, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 3-16

Abstract: Ancient state can be characterized as a religious, political and legal unit, regardless of whether it is a state of the so-called Ancient Oriental type or the ancient states of Greeks and Romans. The barbarian Germanic states do not necessarily form a religious and legal unity. In this paper we would want to describe the so called barbarian state like a type. We discuss here its mostly polyethnical structure, the kingship and its supports (support in sacrality, in retinue, war, relations with the Roman Empire, in legislation, tradition, genealogy of the king families, ceremony of investiture and in the church). Then we discuss the bearers of statehood of this states and their specific legal situations. The barbarian Germanic states are compared with the so called empire of Attila. Attila’s “empire” can be considered a “barbarian state“ with certain features of the sacred kingship and absolute might of the so-called Ancient Oriental type.

Keywords: The so Called Barbarian State as a Type; the Kingship in the “Barbarian” Germanic Kingdoms and its Supports; the Bearers of the Statehood of these Kingdoms; the Comparison of these
States to the Empire of Attila;

Language: CZECH

Publication order reference: Ústav klasických studií, Masarykova univerzita v Brne, Filozofická fakulta, Arna Nováka 1/1, 602 00 Brno, Czech Republic, mail: