Dávid Jablonský

TitlePohrebná reč a modlitba (Halotti beszéd és könyörgés) z Prayovho kódexu a pokus o slovenský preklad textu a jeho interpretáciu

(Funeral Sermon and Prayer (Halotti beszéd és könyörgés) from the Pray Codex and an attempt at a Slovak translation of the text and its interpretation) pdf

Abstract: The oldest known Hungarian language monument called Funeral Sermon and Prayer (Halotti beszéd és könyörgés) has earned exceptional respect in the field of Hungarian culture and historiography, and a wider team of authors has sought to analyze and interpret it, however, the source bypassed the attention of the Slovak historical community. Funeral speeches in the European area at the time of the 12th century were still rare also in Latin, not only in the national languages. The central motif was based on the findings of Chapter 3 of the Book of Genesis, where God forbade Adam and Eve to eat the fruit of the tree in the middle of the garden. Because they broke their promise, they brought death to the human race. In addition to God, the Devil, Adam and Eve, the figures of the Virgin Mary, St. Peter, the Archangel Michael, the angels and Abraham, Isaac and Jacob were also mentioned. From the New Testament writings, there is also an allusion to the Gospel according to Matthew. The topic contains a transcript and a Slovak translation not only of the Hungarian version, but of the Latin original too, from which it follows that the original author also operated with references to the work of the Prophet Ezekiel or the work of St. Paul. The Funeral Sermon and Prayer is at least unique from the point of view of medieval Hungary, because expansion of funeral speeches and their publication was more common in the period from the 16th to the 18th century.

Author: JABLONSKÝ, Dávid

DOI: 10.17846/SHN.2022.26.2.458-470

Publication order reference:

Univerzita sv. Cyrila a Metoda v Trnave, Katedra historických vied a stredoeurópskych štúdií, Nám. J. Herdu 2, 917 01 Trnava, Slovak Republic, mail: david.jablonsky@ucm.sk

Source: Studia Historica Nitriensia, year: 2022, vol.: 26, number: 2, pages: 458-470

Keywords: Hungary; Middle Ages; Communication; Funeral Sermon; Codex Pray; Hungarian Language;

Language: Slovak

Funding: Vedecká grantová agentúra MŠVVaM SR a SAV: VEGA č. 1/0241/21: Komunikačné stratégie duchovenstva v stredovekom Uhorskom kráľovstve