The Germans at Clastidium (222 BC) and in the War of Spartacus (73 – 71 BC)
Author: Habaj Michal
Source: Studia Historica Nitriensia, year: 2018, vol.: 22, number: 2, pages: 277-291
Abstract: Traditionally, the passages of Posidonius or Caesar are considered to be the first mention of the Germans in the ancient literature. But, besides these well-known texts, there are still a few references that have been judged in the past, at least by some authors, that they might be authentic and precede Caesar’s expedition to Gaul and his testimony about the Germans. The study discusses two of these references, the first is a known inscription from Fasti triumphales dated to 222 BC and the other is a tradition that preserves the Germans in the Spartacus‘ army. The article not only sums up the current positions to the two, but also brings a few observations of its own.
Keywords: Germans; Classical literature; Clastidium; Spartacus; Caesar;
Publication order reference: Univerzita sv. Cyrila a Metoda v Trnave, Katedra historických vied a stredoeurópskych štúdií, Námestie J. Herdu 2, 917 01 Trnava, Slovak Republic, mail: email@example.com