(The question of financial compensation of the bishop of Nitra Vilmos Batthyány after his departure from Czechoslovakia in 1919)
Author: ŠMÍD, Marek
Source: Studia Historica Nitriensia, year: 2018, vol.: 22, number: 1, pages: 225-238
Abstract: The study deals with the question of indemnification of the Nitra bishop V. Batthyány, who headed the diocese in 1911-1920. His deportation from Czechoslovakia to Hungary in March 1919 opened up a complex question of Czechoslovak-Vatican diplomatic relations which represented a financial settlement that was subsequently resolved by Czechoslovak and Vatican diplomats in 1920-1924. The Czechoslovak party acknowledged the legitimacy of the complaint of the evicted bishops and agreed to their financial compensation. The whole issue was attributed mainly to the Czechoslovak Foreign Minister’s reluctance to meet this obligation, the unclear competencies between the various administrative authorities, and the high demands of former bishops who demanded not only high financial retirement, but also the return of all personal belongings from Slovakia and their financial share. The question of who will finance the bishops, the state, the diocese, or both institutions together, remained till the end unclear. In spite of the urgency of the Vatican Party, the negotiations dragged on until 1924, although the death of V. Batthyány had occurred a year earlier.
Key words: NITRA; THE BISHOPRIC OF NITRA; VILMOS BATTHYÁNY; KAROL KMEŤKO; CZECHOSLOVAK-VATICAN RELATIONS; 1918-1923;
Publication order reference: Jihočeská univerzita v Českých Budějovicích, Filozofická fakulta, Historický ústav, Branišovská 31 a, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic, mail: email@example.com