Pavol Jelínek – Jakub Lepiš

Title: Doklad kultúrnej indoeuropeizácie? Pozoruhodný neskoroeneolitický džbánok z Bratislavy-Záhorskej Bystrice

(Evidence of cultural Indo-Europeanization? A remarkable Late Eneolithic jug from Bratislava-Záhorská Bystrica) – pdf


Abstract: In the article, the authors focus on the discovery of a jug from a late Eneolithic settlement in Bratislava-Záhorská Bystrica. It has a noteworthy decoration, which depicts a gynecomorphic triad. Gynecomorphic triads on jugs and other elements of material culture are only known from the following Bronze Age. Feminine triadic deities and other mythical beings are known and typical of historical Indo-European cultures. It is therefore highly probable that the evaluated jug can be considered as some of the oldest evidence of not only the genetic, but also religious Indo-Europeanization of Europe.


Author: JELÍNEK, Pavol – LEPIŠ, Jakub


DOI: 10.17846/SHN.2023.27.S.47-58


Publication order reference:

Pavol Jelínek – Slovenské národné múzeum, Archeologické múzeum, Žižkova 12, P.O.BOX 13, 810 06 Bratislava, Slovak republic, mail:

Jakub Lepiš – Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Katedra archeológie, Gondova 2, 811 02 Bratislava, Slovak republic, mail:


Source: Studia Historica Nitriensia, year: 2023, vol.: 27, number: Supplementum, pages: 47-58


Keywords: Late Eneolithic; jug; plastic decoration; gynecomorphic triadic vessel; Indo-Europeanization;


Language: Slovak