Title: From the Fight for Independence of Arab World to the Lack of Freedom – A Short History of Arab Media on the Example of Egypt
Abstract: The history of the Arab media is interesting because it shows how important role the media can play in political changes. Arabs, as one of the nations conquered by the Ottoman Empire, began to use the press as a mean of national revival already in the 19th century, later this process intensified significantly in the 1940s´, where the press became one of the arenas of the struggle for the independence of Arab states. The role of the media in the Arab national liberation struggle is underestimated. However, their powerful force was noticed by the new Arab regimes, which completely subdued the media market of the nascent Arab states and began to use the media for their own political purposes. This situation continues to this day, but the emergence of the Internet in this part of the world has reawakened the Arab national liberation mood, which culminated during the Arab Spring. Nowadays, Arab new media is considered to be the next arena of the fight for political change and democratization of this part of the world.
Author: SAWICKA Zofia
Publication order reference:
University of Rzeszow, Institute for Political Science, al. Rejtana 16c, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland, mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Source: Studia Historica Nitriensia, year: 2021, vol.: 25, number: 2, pages: 548-560
Keywords: Arab Media; Political Change; History; New Media;