Title: To study the tombstones of the Islamic period of Aqalar Museum of Maragheh (northwest of Iran)

(To study the tombstones of the Islamic period of Aqalar Museum of Maragheh (northwest of Iran))

Abstract: The issue of death and the world after it has been one of the basic human thoughts from the beginning of creation until today. This vision has a set of different manifestations in all societies. Tombs and tomb stones are one of the inseparable parts of this thought among all societies from ancient times to the present day, which has been used as a basic tool for its objective and spiritual manifestations. The decorative motifs of tombstones are a reflection of the cultural, social and religious conditions of a society, which is manifested in the form of geometric, symbolic, plant, epigraphic (inscription), and Muqarnasmotifs. According to field studies, Maragheh city, located in northwestern Iran, is one of the regions in which many tombstones of the Islamic period has remained. These tombstones can be studied methodically and scientifically from the perspective of archeological, art, anthropological and sociological studies. In recent years, a number of tombstones in the city have been collected inside the museum of lithography. This research, which is the first phase of studying the tombstones of the Islamic period of Maragheh, has studied the tombstones of this museum. In this research, the tombstones of this museum have been studied with a descriptive-analytical approach in order to study the chronology of the tombstones and the motifs used in these tombstones. The results of the research show that the tombstones of this museum are generally from the 1495 – 1883 AD period. The motifs used in the tombstones also reflect the social status and religious beliefs of the deceased.


DOI: 10.17846/SHN.2021.25.2.561-576

Publication order reference:

University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Archeology

56199-11367, Ardabil, Iran, mail: saeidsattarnejad@yahoo.com ; k_hajizadeh@uma.ac.ir ;

bafkhami@uma.ac.ir ; habibshahbazi35@gmail.com

Source: Studia Historica Nitriensia, year: 2021, vol.: 25, number: 2, pages: 561-576

Keywords: Maragheh City; Museum Of Lithography; Tombstone; Symbolism; Islamic Period;

Language: English